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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come ahead of the word they describe (This is certainly a lovely puppy.) or they might follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, as well as other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, therefore we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it’s an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes exactly how we performed.
A unique ly rule applies when four regarding the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – will be the verbs. Usually do not ask if these senses answer comprehensively the question how exactly to determine if ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb will be used actively. If so, utilize the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We have been only describing appearance, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily during the paint splotches.
Here the woman did look with eyes actively and so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly concerning the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
Your message good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a job that is good.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the method that you smell along with your nose, so follow with the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here so follow using the adverb essay writers.
When referring to health, use well always.
Examples i really do not feel good.
That you don’t look well today.
You might use good with feel if you’re not talking about health.
I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.
A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using not the right form for comparison. For example, to explain one thing we might say poor, as with, “She is poor.” To compare two things, we must say poorer, as with, “She is the poorer for the two women.” To compare a lot more than a couple of things, we have to say poorest, as in, “She is the poorest of them all.”
- More effective*
Three or maybe more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or even more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most in the front associated with words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb while using the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
When this, that, these, and people are accompanied by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they truly are pronouns.
This house is for sale.
It is an adjective here.
This can be for sale.
This might be a pronoun here.
This and therefore are singular, whether or not they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
That is mine.
That is hers.
These and the ones are plural, whether they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have now been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to answer the relevant question when.
I would personally rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing